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1500 BC

Earliest evidence of civilization in the district; these were Pre-Aryan Neolithic and copper-stone age civilizations.

Burnt earth figurines, earthen pots, coins etc. found in Farakka during excavation of feeder canal; now preserved in the State Archeological Museum, Behala.

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3rd century BC -2nd century BC

Maurya Dynasty might have been extended up to this region.

Chronicles of the Chinese traveler Hiuen-Tsang;

1500 BC

Earliest evidence of civilization in the district; these were Pre-Aryan Neolithic and copper-stone age civilizations.

Burnt earth figurines, earthen pots, coins etc. found in Farakka during excavation of feeder canal; now preserved in the State Archeological Museum, Behala, Kolkata.

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3rd century AD -6th century AD

Gupta Dynasty was extended up to this region.

Gupta era human-head stucco figures, coins and other relics of the age found in Karnasuvarna (Rajbari Danga).

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Early 7th century AD

The Gupta dynasty declines. Gauda, with Karnasuvarna as its capital, became a kingdom. Sasanka converts Gauda into a major power in India.

Bronze statues, coins, figures etc. found in Karnasuvarna (Rajbari Danga), chronicles of Chinese travelers I-Tsing and Hiuen-Tsang; copper plate of Damodarpur, coins found in Gitagram (near Salar) and in Gauripur.

Some of these are to be found in Museum of the Kolkata University, Sahitya Parishad, Ashutosh Museum and Jiaganj Museum.

619 AD

Sasanka's empire extends up to Chilka

629 AD

Sasanka continued at least up to this point as the king of Gauda.

638 AD

Visit of Chinese traveler Hiuen-Tsang to Karnasuvarna, then a thriving city. He also saw nearby the Rakta-Mrittika Vihara, a famous Buddhist Monastery.

3rd century AD -6th century AD

Gupta Dynasty was extended up to this region.

Gupta era human-head stucco figures, coins and other relics of the age found in Karnasuvarna (Rajbari Danga).

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Gopala becomes the king. The Pala dynasty begins. The areas now under Murshidabad District were under the Pala rule for a long time.

Panchayatana temple and Buddhist stupas at Panchthupi near Salar, a Mahayana Buddha incarnation statue at Jemo Kandi etc.

988 1038

Mahipala reigns. He became the king when the dynasty was on its wane. He could bring some of its glory back. His capital might have been in Mahipala Nagar, now a small village under Sagardighi Police Station Area. Sagardighi, the largest lake in Murshidabad with a submerged broken pillar in its middle, is known to have been excavated by Mahipala.

Relics found in Mahipala Nagar including coins, stone edicts, stone images and remains of structures.

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Vijayasena ascends the throne. The areas now under Murshidabad District were under the Sena rule for a long time.

Idols and ruins of temples found in various places of the district.


Lakshmanasena, the last of the great Sena kings ascends the throne.


Lakshmanasena defeated by the Turkish General Ikhtiar-ud-Din Bin Bakhtiar Khilji. The victor occupied parts of Murshidabad. The rest (the Bagri region) continued to be under the Sena descendents for some more time.

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1213 -1227

Gias-ud-Din Khilji reigns. Giasabad Township established on the boundaries of Mahipala Nagar. The Turk -Afghan rule continued for sometime.


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After the death of Bahram Khan, Bengal becomes a Sultanate under Fakir-Ud-Din- Mubarak Shah (1338 1349), which continued for a long time.

The lower portion of the Karbala Mosque; the stone edict dated 1490 AD, embedded in the Chunakhali Darga.


Raja Ganesha becomes the king of Gouda by dethroning Sultan Gias-Ud-Din Azan Shah.


Ganesha dies. His son Jadu (already converted to Islam and re-christened as Jalal-Ud-Din Muhammad Shah) ascends the throne.


Hussein Shah, the greatest of the Sultans of Gauda, ascends the throne.

Chandpara palace & mosque of Hussein Shah, Kherur Mosque, Sekher Dighi etc.


Shri Chaitanya takes birth at Nabadwip Nadia. He toured areas now under Kandi Sub-Division extensively.

The Gaudiya Vaishnavism spreads all over the district.



Son Nasrat Shah succeeds Hussein Shah.



Ala-Ud-Din Firoz Shah succeeds Nasrat Shah.



Firoz Shah killed by uncle Gias-Ud-Din Mahmud Shah.



Mahmud Shah killed by Sher Khan. Sher Khan (later Sher Shah) becomes the ruler of Bengal.



Sher Shah defeats Humayun and occupies the throne of Delhi.



The death of Sher Shah.


1553 - 1576

Afghan ruler of Bengal Muhammad Khan becomes independent.
From now on Bengal becomes independent from time to time under local rulers; this continues until Dayud Khan, the last Afghan Sultan of Bengal was defeated by the Mughal and was later killed.


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Dayud Khan defeated and later killed by the Mughal.

Balighata Mosque, oldest temples of Gokarna and Kiriteswari, early Mughal mosques in Indrani, Sherpur, Bhuinhat etc.


Shah Sujah, a son of Shah-Jahan, becomes Subedar of Bengal.


Defeated by Mir Jumla (fighting for Aurangzib) Shah Sujah leaves Bengal after battles in areas now under Jangipur Sub-Division.
Mir Jumla becomes the Subedar.


Dutch settlement at Kalikapur adjacent to Cossimbazar established.


British settlement at Cossimbazar established. This later became their main trade centre.


Death of Mir Jumla. Dayud Khan becomes the Subedar for a brief time.


Shaista Khan becomes the Subedar.


Armenian settlement at Saidabad established with a Forman from Aurangazeb.


Traveler Tavernier visits the district.


Shaista Khan forfeits the British settlement at Cossimbazar.


French settlement at Farashdanga, Saidabad established.


Shaista Khan returns to Delhi. Mughal Subedars continued as his successors.


Rebellion of Shova Singh and Rahim Shah; they occupy Maksudabad (by the name Murshidabad was known at the time).


Rahim Shah defeated by the new Subedar Azim-Us-Shah.
The rebellion showed weakness of the Mughal reign. Taking the opportunity the British, the French and the Dutch strengthened military fortifications.


Dewan Kartalab Khan (later Murshid Quli Khan) shifts dewankhana from Dhaka to Maksudabad.


Kartalab returns after visiting Aurangzib, the Mughal emperor. On return he renames Maksudabad as Murshidabad and himself takes the name of Murshid Quli Khan.

A royal mint is established in Murshidabad.


Death of Aurangzeb.

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Murshid Quli Khan becomes the Subedar of Bengal; reigns from Murshidabad with only a nominal allegiance to the Mughal Emperor.


Murshid Quli Khan dies. Son-in-law Suja-ud-Din becomes the Subedar.

March 1739

Suja-ud-Din dies. Son Sarfaraz Khan ascends the throne. But Alivardi Khan, the Governor of Patna, gets the Sanad as Subedar of Sube-Bangla (Bengal, Bihar & Orrisa) from the Mughal emperor Mohammad Shah.

9 April 1740

Battle of Giria (now in Jangipur Sub-Division of Murshidabad) Sarfaraz is defeated and killed. Alivardi becomes the Subedar.


Battles between Alivardi and the Maratha.


Treaty between Alivardi and the Maratha signed.

10 April 1756

Alivardi dies. Siraj-ud-Doula ascends the throne. The British gets permission from the emperor to establish mint at Calcutta.

24 May 1756

Siraj occupies the Cossimbazar factory of the British.

20 June 1756

Siraj conquers Calcutta.

February 1757

The British re-conquers Calcutta.

1 May 1757

Mir-Jafar strikes a secret treaty with the British.

22-23 June 1757

Battle of Plassey. Siraj betrayed by Mir-Jafar and defeated by Clive.

29 June 1757

Mir-Jafar ascends the throne of Bengal.

2 July 1757

Siraj captured near Rajmahal and secretly brought to the palace of Mir-Jafar. Miran, the son of Mir-Jafar, kills Siraj.


The British replaces Mir-Jafar with Mir-Qasim.


Battle of Buxar. The British defeat Mir-Qasim. Mir-Jafar gets the throne back.

17 Jan. 1765

Death of Mir-Jafar.

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12 Aug 1765

East India Company gets Dewani of Sube Bangla from the Mughal Emperor Shah Alam.The Nawabs become pensioners of the British.


Lord Clive takes his seat as Dewan at Moti Jhil and conducted his first Punyaha (ceremony of starting the annual collection of revenue).


Clive departs. Harry Verelst takes over charge.


English officers called Supravisors appointed for supervising collection of revenue.


The devastating famine (also known as Chhiyattorer Mannantar) takes place. A third of the population of Bengal perished.
Comptrolling Council of Revenue set up with controlling power over supravisors at Murshidabad and Patna.


Comptrolling Council abolished to be superseded by the Committee of Revenue at Calcutta. Thus the Diwani office got transferred from Murshidabad to Calcutta.
Warren Hastings becomes the Governor President of the Calcutta Council of the East India Company. This Council later created Provincial Councils.


The Regulating Act promulgated. Civil and military Governance was thus vested in The Governor-General and Council.


Provincial Councils abolished. Presidents of Provincial Councils re-designated as Collectors.


Board of Revenue comes into existence by re-designation of Committee of Revenue.


Lord Cornwallis transferred Sadar Nizamat Adalat (meaning transfer of criminal justice and police) from Murshidabad to Calcutta.


Krishnanath College established at Berhampore.

24 Feb 1857

The Sepoys of the 19th Regiment Native Infantry at Berhampore Cantonment Revolt. The Sepoy Mutiny starts.


Indigo rebellion spreads in the district.


News of Brahmo Samaj running at Berhampore for a few years in the Indian Mirror.


Partition of Bengal.


Boycott of foreign goods by students at Berhampore.


More than a hundred students arrested for links with an abortive attempt to smuggle arms from Germany for the revolutionaries.


Murshidabad District Committee of the Indian National Congress formed under the Presidentship of Brajabhushan Gupta.
National Schools established at Berhampore and Salar.


Gandhi visits Murshidabad.
Revolutionary Niranjan Sen takes admission in Krishnanath College.


Murshidabad District Committee of the All India Muslim League established at Gorabazar, Betrhampore.
Niranjan Sen and Tarapada Gupta break away from Anushilan Samiti to form the Revolt Group.


Niranjan Sen and Tarapada Gupta arrested in the Mechhuabazar Case.

5-6 Dec 1934

Bengal Provincial Conference of the Congress held at Berhampore. Dr. Rajendraprasad, Subhas Bose and others attended.


District Committee of Muslim League organised an All India Muslim Conference at Berhampore.
The Council of The Hindu Muslim Unity Association founded by Nawab Wasif Ali Mirza for promotion of communal harmony in the district.


Conference of The Hindu Muslim Unity Association held at Hazarduari, Murshidabad.


Te Revolutionary Socialist Party formed by Tridib Choudhury in Murshidabad.

20 Jun 1942

Nawab Wasif Ali Mirza arranged a conference of The Hindu Muslim Unity Association in Calcutta at the request of Fazlul Haque.

Aug 1942- 1943

The Quit India Movement spreads in Murshidabad.

15 Aug. 1947

India becomes independent.

18 Aug. 1947

Murshidabad becomes part of India in terms of the final award of the Radcliffe Commission.


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